New article: The Invisible Transformations of the Food Subsidy System in Egypt by Marie Vannetzel

The Invisible Transformations of the Food Subsidy System in Egypt by Marie Vannetzel In 2014, the Egyptian government launched a major reform of the ration card system (RCS) through which citizens access food subsidies, shifting from in-kind to cash transfers. Prior to 2014, beneficiaries could buy a set quota of three basic commodities—rice, sugar, and…